Throughout history, the compass appeared in many parts of the world. It was seen in the 12th century during the Song Dynasty of China. The first example was an iron fish in a bowl of water. A later example in 1088 were lodestones. Iron needles were rubbed on the lodestone and set in bowl of water with a cork on one end. Europeans used the compass and placed in their militaries. Small pocket compasses had similar work. The needle rested on a pivot and swerved to the north.
The compass appeared in nature, too. Some animals used their biological clock to discover the sun in different points. As for human nature, adjustments and adaptation had to be done to fix the compass through history. In the 15th century, explorers found that the north the compass points to is the Earth’s magnetic north pole. The closer you are, the more the true north and the magnetic north vary.
The compass is important because it can be used to find your way. If you got stuck on an unknown land, you wouldn’t have any materials, just a map, compass, GPS, phone. Using the phone or GPS is the modern way to solving any problem of location. But some GPS companies even suggest that the GPS is not replacing the compass. Sometimes, phone battery die. The compass doesn’t have a battery level. This is why you should always rely on the compass. This is the legacy of the compass. - Mark M.
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